Fanny Moffette (University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Mardi 17 mai 2022

Fanny Moffette (University of Wisconsin-Madison) présentera "Agricultural Subsidies: Cutting into Forest Conservation?” (coécrit avec Jennifer Alix-Garcia).


Résumé :

 “We examine how agricultural subsidies may induce deforestation and undermine conservation programs by analyzing two large-scale national programs in Mexico that have existed simultaneously for more than a decade: an agricultural subsidy for livestock (PROGAN) and a program of payments for ecosystem services (PES). Looking across the entire Mexican landscape, we exploit the surprises  in the timing of enrollment in PROGAN’s waves, fluctuations in program payments, and the change in the value of the subsidy induced by inflation and currency fluctuations to identify the impacts of the livestock subsidy on environmental outcomes. We find that PROGAN increased municipal deforestation by 7 percent, partly because the program did not induce intensification. The deforestation effects of PROGAN were smaller in municipalities with higher concentrations of PES recipients. Willingness to enroll in PES does not appear to be affected by PROGAN, nor does PES seem to have reduced PROGAN enrollment. We suggest that these subsidies could be better targeted to places with low deforestation risk and high livestock productivity to maximize food production and minimize negative externalities caused by deforestation.”

Date de modification : 05 juillet 2023 | Date de création : 17 mai 2022 | Rédaction : Régis Grateau